Updated: Apr 18, 2019
There are many discussions that talk about macros, a number of emails received at the clinic seek advice on the ratios we should be eating.
Before I write a post about ratios; I thought I would clarify what macros are - protein, carbohydrates and fats.
Protein: Proteins are essentially what make up our skin, hair nails, muscles, as well as hormones, neurotransmitters, enzymes etc.
Good sources of proteins include fish, meat, eggs and shellfish, poor sources include nuts and seeds and rice.
Proteins are made from molecules called amino acids. There are 21 amino acids, eight of which are essential - we must obtain them from our food, Amino acids are building blocks that can construct muscles, hormones, steaks and mammoths !
Carbohydrate: Carbs range from fruit to pasta to bread to sugar but all starts with monosaccharides, mono meaning one and sacchar meaning sugar, so monosaccharides means one sugar. We then have dissacharides which means two sugars, you are probably familiar with table sugar, a mixture of glucose and sucrose. Finally we have polysaccharides – many sugars, rice, corn, potatoes and flour are good examples.
Fat: What we commonly refer to as fats, are known as triglycerides – an alcohol like molecule called glycerol that is bound to three fatty acids. More on fat in a further post.
So there we have it, our three amigos – the macros!
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